Through a series of activities, directors and screenwriters’ representative organizations had the opportunity to increase their collective bargaining capacity by developing common resources and networking with peers and organizations who already have the experience of bargaining collectively.
These activities included online workshops for audiovisual authors’ representative organizations, topical webinars and EU-level dialogue meetings between FERA, FSE, UNI MEI and producers’ and broadcasters’ organizations focused on the implementation of fair remuneration provisions in the 2019 Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market.
Based on these in-depth exchanges, common resources were developed to support screenwriters and director’s professional organizations as they expand their collective bargaining practice.
A database providing an overview in English comparing national provisions on fair remuneration (transparency obligation, contractual readjustment mechanism and dispute resolution) of the 2019 CDSM Directive in 10 EU member states (Belgium, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden).
An index of national existing collective agreements translated in English.
A report of the topics discussed throughout the project duration including collective bargaining toolkit.
This project has received the support of the European Union. The publication reflects the views of the authors only and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use of the information contained therein.
A toolkit on collective bargaining
The report entitled “Strengthening Collective Bargaining for Audiovisual Creators (screenwriters and directors) – Toolkit” summarizes key topics discussed during the project duration, with recommendations in form of toolkits on each topic, in order to provide reference documentation and advice to screenwriters’ and directors’ professional organizations.
Several comparative tools are now available to provide reference information on fair remuneration to screenwriters’ and directors’ professional organizations.
Created in 2019 as part of the joint FERA-FSE-UNI MEI project titled “Promoting Fair Remuneration and Collective Bargaining for Creators in the EU Digital Single Market”, co-funded by the European Union, the “European Directors and Screenwriters Contracts Database” is a collaborative online tool offering the possibility to compare the terms and provisions of more than 45 anonymous individual authors’ contracts and collective agreements from 30 European countries, translated in English, broken into key provisions and classified in several categories.
2019 Copyright Directive database
The database provides an overview in English comparing national provisions on fair remuneration (transparency obligation, contractual readjustment mechanism and dispute resolution) of the 2019 CDSM Directive in 10 EU member states (Belgium, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden)
Collective agreements Index
The index provides an overview of existing national collective agreements and access to public agreements translated in English.
Browse other resources such as publications, presentations, reports on previous joint programmes, etc.
An illustrated summary of the final results of a European-wide survey on the remuneration of audiovisual authors. It reveals some shocking findings about pay levels, unstable incomes, unpaid work, job insecurity, and a significant gender gap between men and women.
During the first webinar, experts and representatives of FERA and FSE’s networks heard from Ula Furgal, Lecturer in Intellectual Property and Information Law and researcher at the University of Glasgow’s CREATe Centre, who presented an overview of the Directive’s transposition 13, underlining the modest engagement of Member States at this point and the fact that the digital dimension of authors’ and performers’ remuneration for the exploitation of their works was largely absent from national transpositions while interpretation on certain issues e.g. transparency could diverge significantly from one country to the next.
During the third webinar Gilles Fontaine, Head of Department for Market Information at the European Audiovisual Observatory, made a presentation. Based on the wide perspectives of research and publication of the EAO, it brings a broad and general analysis of the current situation of the film and television industries in Europe and broad speculation about the long-term prospects. He drew attention to the inherent structural problems of the current expansion of production volumes, in particular in the rapid growth of short-run TV series and suggested likely scenarios for the inevitable downturn.
FERA (Federation of European Screen Directors)
Founded in 1980, FERA represents film and TV directors at European level, with 48 directors’ associations as members from 35 countries. We speak for more than 20,000 European screen directors, representing their cultural, creative and economic interests.
EU Transparency Register ID: 29280842236-21
FSE (Federation of Screenwriters in Europe)
FSE is a network of national and regional associations, guilds and unions of writers for the screen in Europe, created in June 2001. It brings together 31 screenwriters’ organizations from 25 European countries. It represents more than 8,000 professional screenwriters.
EU Transparency Register ID: 642670217507-74
UNI MEI (the Media, Entertainment & Arts sector of UNI Global Union)
Unites over 140 unions and guilds to raise standards and enforce rights for more than 500.000 creatives, technicians and auxiliary workers. Together, our members work for a fair, inclusive, equal, and sustainable global entertainment industry and a just transformation.
EU Transparency Register ID: 605859248462-93
Dr. Ula Furgal
Project expert and Lecturer in Intellectual Property and Information Law, CREATe Centre, University of Glasgow
Copyright and Media Law consultant